The politically radical left-wing activist group DSPA (Resistance Movement named after Petr Alexeev) – one of the first revolutionaries of the workers’ movement in Russia – was initiated by journalist and political activist Dmitrij Žvanija in Saint Petersburg in 2004. Until it disbanded voluntarily on October 21, 2012, it was also active in other Russian cities. In their first appearance on the scene, the DSPA protested against the organized participation of Vladimir Putin’s party United Russia in the demonstration marking the international workers’ day on May 1, 2004 with a banner that stated “There is only one solution – resistance” and with leaflets and Bengal lights.
directory - Letter / Petition Writing
The PAH was born in February 2009 in Barcelona as a citizen’s movement focused on the right to housing. The main aim of the PAH is to denounce the dramatic situation suffered by thousands of families who are unable to pay their mortgages, facing foreclosure processes and evictions. The PAH makes the violence of such processes visible, informs the public about the horrific nature of the perpetual debt which remains after losing your home according to Spanish mortgage law, and demands political solutions from public administrations. The PAH is a political movement (but does not belong to any party) in which both people directly affected and supporters fight together against this problem.
Disappointed by the lack of resonance to demonstrations of the open alliance Art Workers Coalition (AWC), Jon Hendricks and Jean Toche founded their own initiative within the New York art scene in 1969: the Guerrilla Art Action Group (GAAG). The artists’ critique focused on the U.S. military intervention in Vietnam, domestic policies that suppressed minorities, and the art establishment, which was controlled by political and economic interests. GAAG’s goal was to force institutions, politicians, and celebrities to take a moral stand on U.S. politics, through provocative actions, interventions, letters, posters, and theater projects.