In 2001, the volXtheaterkarawane was founded as a travelling project by members of the volXtheater XX Favoriten theater troupe and activists of the Platform for a World Without Racism; it existed as a project critiquing globalization until 2011. The goal was to raise awareness of the problematic immigration laws in Europe, the subliminal racism and sexism in the democratic countries, and the increasing state-run surveillance and control of citizens. With the support of different helpers and cooperation partners, from 2001 to 2006 the volXtheaterkarawane organized three large campaigns – NOBorder, NONation (2001), noborderZONE (2003), and noborderLAB (2004) – in the form of trips lasting several days to central locations of political events.
directory - Demonstration
During the nation-wide June Democracy Movement from June 10 to 29, 1987, mass demonstrations were held in cities throughout South Korea, which called first and foremeost for more democracy and the holding of free elections. Although there had already been clashes between student activists and the regime for some time, these intensified considerably after the death of a student: on June 9, on Yonsei University campus Lee Han-yeol was hit in the head by a teargas grenade that penetrated his skull – he fell into a coma and died of his wounds a few weeks later.
When the R.E.P. group was founded in 2004, all of its members had already developed an artistic personality of their own. And they have continued in the same line ever since. Yet in all these years the artists have also engaged in collective art practices, thus maintaining their small art community. The political events of the Orange Revolution proved a key element in the group’s establishment. The first collective actions of the R.E.P. group took place in the crowd of protesters in the Kiev Maidan square: it was the unanimity of broad masses of society struggling for a common political cause that brought these Ukrainian artists to work together. Another reason for maintaining the group, which still counts today, is the weak infrastructure of the Kiev art scene.
Otpor! (Resistance!) was a Serbian youth movement that existed from 1998 to 2003, which rebelled non-violently against the regime of Slobodan Milošević. The group was founded on October 10, 1998, as a reaction to the passing of two repressive university and media laws by the then Serbian government, in which especially the Prime minister and Milošević-confidant Mirko Marjanović was instrumental. Ideologically, Otpor! was oriented on The Politics of Nonviolent Action, one of Gene Sharp’s main works, which was partially translated into Serbian. The non-violent campaigns that took place in the following two years spread quickly across the whole of Serbia through the support of more than seventy thousand national supporters and the financial support of the American government.
The 2011 England Riots were a quite radical uprising of underprivileged English youth between 6 and 10 August. In England, such riots are a not uncommon form of violent protest that goes back at least to the 1980s. The rioters are mostly boys and young men, whose socioeconomic situation and outlook is very poor. The 2011 riots began in Tottenham, a deprived area in north London with a multicultural population and a high crime rate, after 29-year-old Mark Duggan was shot by police during a regular stop-and-search under much-debated circumstances. The fact that a black male had died as a result of police intervention was handled by the authorities with a very questionable and inappropriate communication policy, which attracted much media attention.
David Reeb, who taught at the Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design in Jerusalem from 2003 to 2007, has participated in the weekly demonstrations against the separation wall in the border town of Bil’in near Ramallah in the West Bank since 2005. He documents the events in the border area with a video camera, uploads the footage to his website and to YouTube, and uses some of the stills as the basis for paintings. In this way, the images are disseminated in very different contexts, for example, as part of the work of human rights organizations, and as evidence in courts of law.
The Carnation Revolution (Revolução dos Cravos or Revolução de 25 de Abril) describes the peaceful overthrow of the authoritarian dictatorship of the Estado Novo (New State) under António de Oliveira Salazar in Portugal on April 25, 1974. On the late evening of April 24, 1974, Portuguese radio had broadcast the song Depois Do Adeus (And After the Farewell) by Paulo de Carvalho, which was the signal to begin the revolution against the fascist regime of Caetano.
Our goals could be listed as:
• Reflecting on trash, waste, and reuse in all its formats and possible meanings
• Creating new points of views on consumption, garbage, the city, and contemporary urban life
• Promoting new possible attitudes and livelihoods through culture
• Helping other initiatives working on these issues and others that are similar
• Promoting networks of agents who usually remain apart in order to promote unexpected situations and reactions that are often very fruitful
• Participating in the global movements, places, and proposals of urban revitalization with bottom-up processes
• Promoting collective work and free culture – cooperation instead of competition
The phenomenon known in German-speaking countries as the “Arab Spring,” and in Anglophone countries also as “Arabellion,” refers to the period of mass uprisings, demonstrations, and revolutions, which began in 2010 in the Arab countries of the Middle East and the Maghreb. These national uprisings, which received much media attention, were primarily directed against the existing autocratic and dictatorial regimes and frequently resulted in violent riots.