Resistance Movement named after Petr Alexeev (DSPA)
The politically radical left-wing activist group DSPA (Resistance Movement named after Petr Alexeev) – one of the first revolutionaries of the workers’ movement in Russia – was initiated by journalist and political activist Dmitrij Žvanija in Saint Petersburg in 2004. Until it disbanded voluntarily on October 21, 2012, it was also active in other Russian cities. In their first appearance on the scene, the DSPA protested against the organized participation of Vladimir Putin’s party United Russia in the demonstration marking the international workers’ day on May 1, 2004 with a banner that stated “There is only one solution – resistance” and with leaflets and Bengal lights. The goals listed in the group’s manifesto, which correspond to those of the international revolutionary socialist movement, are the struggle against the capitalist system and the establishment of a classless society to be achieved through a social revolution. The group became known through non-violent forms of direct action and socialist agitation, sabotage actions, demonstrations, and guerrilla operations, which were similar to those of the Situationist International and the Italian autonomist movement. They mainly propagated their critique of the political rulers through banners on buildings and in the streets in the centre of St. Petersburg as well as in numerous street events and interventions in public spaces that attracted much media attention.