directory - Feminism

Women Drivers Day

The women drivers day protest in Saudi Arabia originated from a number of campaigns and protest movements that fight for women’s rights, and it called to women to get behind a steering wheel despite this being prohibited in Saudi Arabia. The driving ban is not a written law, but is based on a fatwa (a religious ruling), which can be pronounced in Islamic countries as a solution of religious problems. A special role in the campaign is played by the Association for the Protection and Defense of Women’s Rights in Saudi Arabia, an NGO founded by Majeha al-Huwaider and Fawzia al-Uyyouni, which developed out of a September 2007 petition against the ban on female drivers in Saudi Arabia.

volXtheaterkarawane [publiXtheatre caravan]

In 2001, the volXtheaterkarawane was founded as a travelling project by members of the volXtheater XX Favoriten theater troupe and activists of the Platform for a World Without Racism; it existed as a project critiquing globalization until 2011. The goal was to raise awareness of the problematic immigration laws in Europe, the subliminal racism and sexism in the democratic countries, and the increasing state-run surveillance and control of citizens. With the support of different helpers and cooperation partners, from 2001 to 2006 the volXtheaterkarawane organized three large campaigns – NOBorder, NONation (2001), noborderZONE (2003), and noborderLAB (2004) – in the form of trips lasting several days to central locations of political events.

Ursula Biemann

There is probably no other artist who has delved so deeply into the subject of the borders between the rich countries of the North and the poorer ones of the South as Ursula Biemann. Her special interest is gender relations. The video essay Performing the Border from 1999, which is about the Mexico–USA border between Ciudad Juárez and El Paso in Texas, was the starting point for further research on global sex trafficking. For an exhibition at the Generali Foundation in Vienna 2003, Biemann and the anthropologist Angela Sanders contributed the video essay Europlex, which is about women who cross over the border into the Spanish enclave of Ceuta in Morocco.

Le Groupe Amos

Le Groupe Amos from Kinshasa works with various materials, not necessarily artistic ones – workshops, radio programs, video documentaries, publications, theater – to oppose the omnipresent structural violence in the Congolese capital of Kinshasa, a large part of which originates with the military, as Thierry Nlandu, professor of literature, dramatist, and member of the group emphasizes: “In Kinshasa, the forces of law and order are themselves one of the main agents of violence. The city’s military police are plagued by corruption, entangled with organized crime, and accustomed to using violent and illegal methods.” In their work, Le Groupe Amos dedicate a special focus to women, who are often affected the most by this violence.

Adrian Piper

Adrian Piper is a conceptual artist, philosopher, and author whose work has focused on (gender) identity, racism, and xenophobia. In 1970, she became “politicized” as a result of the U.S. invasion of Cambodia, the growth of the women’s movement, and the student protests against the war. In her Catalysis series, Adrian Piper physically transformed herself into an odd or repulsive person and went out in public in New York to experience the frequently disdainful responses of others. For Catalysis I (1970), she soaked a set of clothing in a mixture of vinegar, eggs, milk, and cod-liver oil for a week, then wore it on the train during evening rush hour.